Single-layer wave spring washer wave disc washer stainless steel/17-7PH (SUS631)


Wave washers, also referred to as wave springs, are wavy metal washers designed to provide a compensating spring force or absorb shock when under load. Many design variations have evolved to best serve these basic functions. Wave spring washers, also called wave washers, generally have several curvilinear lobes. The wave washer is an efficient washer for obtaining loads when the load is static, the working range is small, and the amount of axial space is limited.

What are the different types of wave washers?

Wave spring washers are load-bearing devices that provide a preload between two surfaces. Other common types include flat washers, C-washers, D-shaped washers, countersunk or finishing washers, fender washers, SAE washers, torque washers, and shoulder washers.


When you are looking for a single-turn gap Wellenfederscheibe, es ist wichtig, das richtige zu wählen. Es gibt viele verschiedene Arten von Waschmaschinen, daher kann es schwierig sein, zu wissen, welche für Ihre Bedürfnisse die richtige ist. In diesem Blogbeitrag besprechen wir die verschiedenen Arten von Unterlegscheiben und helfen Ihnen bei der Auswahl der richtigen Unterlegscheibe für Ihr Projekt.

Wartung der Wellenfederscheibe

To maintain wave washers, the following steps should be taken:

  1. Untersuchen Sie die Unterlegscheiben regelmäßig auf Anzeichen von Verschleiß oder Beschädigungen wie Risse, Verformung oder Korrosion.
  2. Reinigen Sie die Unterlegscheiben bei Bedarf mit einer weichen Bürste oder einem Tuch und einem milden Reinigungsmittel. Vermeiden Sie die Verwendung von scheuernden oder scharfen Reinigungsmitteln, da diese die Oberfläche der Unterlegscheiben beschädigen können.
  3. Lubricate the washers with a suitable lubricant, such as a light oil or grease. This will help reduce friction and wear and protect the washers from corrosion.
  4. Ersetzen Sie beschädigte oder abgenutzte Unterlegscheiben so schnell wie möglich.
  5. Stellen Sie sicher, dass die Unterlegscheiben korrekt installiert sind und dass die richtige Vorspannkraft ausgeübt wird.
  6. Schützen Sie die Wellenfederscheiben vor extremen Temperaturen, Chemikalien und dem Kontakt mit Wasser oder anderen Flüssigkeiten, um ihre Langlebigkeit zu gewährleisten.

It is also important to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for the maintenance and care of wave washers, as different types of washers may have specific requirements.

What is a single-turn gap wave spring washer?

A single-turn gap wave washer is a type of wave washer that has a single spiral turn. This type of washer is often used in applications where small amounts of compression or tension are required.

What are the benefits of using a single-turn gap wave washer?

There are several benefits to using a single-turn gap wave spring washer. First, they are less likely to gall or damage the mating surface. Second, they can help reduce noise and vibration. Third, they can help improve the seal between two surfaces. Finally, they can help reduce wear and tear.

Examples of applications where a single-turn gap wave washer is the best option

When it comes to choosing the best wave washer for a specific application, there are many factors to consider. In some cases, a single-turn gap wave spring washer is the best option. Here are a few examples:

  1. When a high level of deflection is required: In cases where a high level of deflection is required, a single-turn gap wave washer can offer the best performance. This type of washer can provide more deflection than other types of wave-spring washers.
  2. When precise positioning is needed: In applications where precise positioning is needed, a single-turn gap wave washer can be the best choice. This type of washer can help to ensure that components are in the correct position.
  3. When weight is a concern, a single-turn gap wave spring washer can be a good option. This type of washer is typically lighter than other types of wave washers.

Wellenscheiben werden in WG-Typ, WL-Typ und WN-Typ unterteilt

WG Wellenfederscheibe

The WG-type wave spring washer is an open-type elastic washer that can usually be installed in a small space, such as by applying prestress to the bearing, reducing the noise of bearing operation, and improving the running accuracy and stability of the bearing. In addition, there are also a large number of electronic appliances. The application materials include carbon steel, stainless steel, copper alloy, etc.


The WL-type wave spring washer is a lap-type elastic washer, which can usually be installed in a small space, such as by applying prestress to the bearing, reducing the noise of the bearing running, and improving the running accuracy and stability of the bearing.


The WN-type wave spring washer is a multi-layer wave crest overlapping elastic washer. Compared with the WL type, this series is composed of multiple layers of materials, so the K value curve under the same compression stroke is flatter than the WL type, which is suitable for larger elastic forces. In the case where the elastic release of the entire working stroke is required to be more uniform.


Teile-Nr. Wirkt in
Belastung Arbeitshöhe Freie Höhe Wellen Dicke Radiale Wand Federrate Offen
mm mm (N) mm mm mm mm N/MM
LR-0575 146.05 133.1 400.08 3.18 7.11 6 0.76 5.92 101.68 Lücke
LR-0575-N 146.05 135.13 400.08 3.18 8.64 6 0.76 4.78 73.33 Lücke
LR-0587 149.23 136.14 408.97 3.18 7.62 6 0.76 5.92 92.05 Lücke
LR-0587-N 149.23 138.18 408.97 3.18 8.64 6 0.76 4.78 74.9 Lücke
JBT-150 150 540-660 3 5.3 6 0.95 5.06 Lücke
LB-0591 150 136.38 404.9 3.18 7.87 6 0.76 5.92 87 Lücke
LR-0600 152.4 139.45 417.86 3.18 7.62 6 0.76 5.92 93.98 Lücke
LR-0600-N 152.4 141.48 417.86 3.18 8.64 6 0.76 4.78 76.48 Lücke
LR-0612 155.58 142.49 426.75 3.18 7.87 6 0.76 5.92 90.83 Lücke
LR-0612-N 155.58 144.53 426.75 3.18 7.11 7 0.76 4.78 108.33 Lücke
LR-0625 158.75 145.54 435.64 3.18 8.64 6 0.76 5.92 79.8 Lücke
LR-0625-N 158.75 147.83 435.64 3.18 7.11 7 0.76 4.78 110.6 Lücke
JBT-160 160 560-680 3 6 6 1.04 7.88 Lücke
LB-0630 160 146.38 440.5 3.18 9.4 6 0.76 5.92 71 Lücke
LR-0637 161.93 148.84 444.53 3.18 8.89 6 0.76 5.92 77.7 Lücke
LR-0637-N 161.93 150.88 444.53 3.18 7.62 7 0.76 4.78 99.93 Lücke
LB-0650 165 151.38 453.9 3.18 10.41 6 0.76 5.92 64 Lücke
LR-0650 165.1 151.89 453.42 3.18 9.91 6 0.76 5.92 67.38 Lücke
LR-0650-N 165.1 154.18 453.42 3.18 7.62 7 0.76 4.78 102.03 Lücke
JBT-170 170 570-710 3 4.5 6 1.04 9.48 Lücke
LB-0669 170 156.38 467.2 3.18 11.18 6 0.76 5.92 58 Lücke
LR-0675 171.45 158.24 462.31 3.18 10.67 6 0.76 5.92 61.78 Lücke
LR-0675-N 171.45 160.53 462.31 3.18 7.62 7 0.76 4.78 103.95 Lücke
LB-0689 175 154.16 480.6 3.96 8.13 6 0.81 9.53 116 Lücke
LR-0700 177.8 156.46 471.2 3.96 8.13 6 0.81 9.53 113.05 Lücke
LR-0700-N 177.8 164.59 471.2 3.96 8.13 7 0.76 5.92 113.05 Lücke
JBT-180 180 640-800 3 5 6 1.04 9.48 Lücke
LB-0709 180 159.16 493.9 3.96 8.64 6 0.81 9.53 105 Lücke
LR-0725 184.15 163.58 480.09 3.96 8.89 6 0.81 9.53 97.48 Lücke
LR-0725-N 184.15 170.94 480.09 3.96 8.38 7 0.76 5.92 108.68 Lücke
LB-0728 185 164.16 507.3 3.96 9.14 6 0.81 9.53 97 Lücke
JBT-190 190 820-980 4 5.2 7 1.07 9.53


In the world of engineering and manufacturing, precision and reliability are paramount. Small components often play a crucial role in ensuring the overall success and safety of a product. One such unassuming yet essential component is the wave spring washer. This article will delve into the intricacies of wave washers, exploring their design, functions, advantages, and diverse applications across various industries.

Wave Spring Washer: A Brief Overview

A wave washer, also known simply as a wave washer or wave spring, is a type of washer that exhibits a distinctive wavy or corrugated profile. This unique design imparts special mechanical properties to the washer, making it highly versatile and effective in a wide range of applications. Typically made from materials like carbon steel, stainless steel, or beryllium copper, wave spring washers are known for their ability to provide controlled axial load and maintain assembly tension.

Design and Functionality

The primary design feature of a wave spring washer is its undulating or wave-like shape. This shape allows the washer to compress and expand radially when subjected to axial loads. When compressed, the waves flatten out, and when the load is released, they return to their natural wave shape. This dynamic behavior enables wave washers to perform several key functions:

  1. Load Distribution: Wave spring washers distribute loads evenly over the Kontakt surface, reducing the risk of damage to the components they are installed between.
  2. Compensation for Thermal Expansion: They compensate for thermal expansion and contraction in assemblies, maintaining proper tension even under temperature variations.
  3. Vibration Damping: Wave washers can absorb vibrations and reduce noise in machinery and equipment.
  4. Preloading: They are commonly used for preloading bearings and other critical components, ensuring optimal performance and extending Service Leben.

Applications in Engineering

Wave spring washers find applications across a wide spectrum of engineering disciplines.

  1. Automotive Industry: In automotive applications, wave washers are used in suspension systems, clutch assemblies, and engines to absorb vibrations and provide preloading.
  2. Aerospace: In aerospace engineering, these washers are employed in critical components such as landing gear, ensuring precision and reliability in extreme conditions.
  3. Electronics: The compact size and versatility of wave spring washers make them ideal for the electronics industry, where they are used to maintain contact pressure in connectors and PCB assemblies.
  4. Medical Devices: In medical devices, where precision is paramount, wave washers are used in surgical instruments, orthopedic implants, and other critical equipment.
  5. Industrial Machinery: Wave washers are commonly found in industrial machinery, where they play a vital role in maintaining the integrity of assemblies subjected to heavy loads and frequent movements.

Advantages of Wave Spring Washers

The adoption of wave washers is driven by several advantages:

  1. Space Efficiency: Their compact design allows them to be used in tight spaces where traditional washers might not fit.
  2. Hohe Tragfähigkeit: Despite their small size, wave spring washers can handle substantial axial loads, making them suitable for demanding applications.
  3. Fatigue Resistance: They exhibit excellent fatigue resistance, ensuring long service life even under constant cycling.
  4. Cost-Efficiency: Wave spring washers can often replace more expensive and complex components, reducing overall assembly costs.

Innovations in Wave Washer Technology

The evolution of wave washer technology continues to bring about innovations that further enhance their performance and applicability. Some of the notable advancements include:

  1. Material Selection: Ongoing research has led to the development of wave spring washers made from advanced materials, such as superalloys and composite materials, which offer improved corrosion resistance, higher temperature resistance, and enhanced mechanical properties.
  2. Custom Designs: Manufacturers are now offering custom-designed wave washers tailored to specific applications, ensuring a precise fit and optimal performance.
  3. Coatings and Surface Treatments: Various coatings and surface treatments, including zinc plating, passivation, and PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) coating, are applied to wave spring washers to enhance their durability and resistance to wear and corrosion.
  4. Integration with Smart Systems: In the era of Industry 4.0, wavewashers are being integrated into smart systems where their performance can be monitored and adjusted remotely, contributing to predictive maintenance strategies.
  5. Sustainability: Manufacturers are increasingly focusing on sustainability by developing wave spring washers with improved recyclability and reduced environmental impact through eco-friendly materials and production processes.

Challenges and Future Prospects

While wave spring washers have come a long way in terms of performance and versatility, there are still some challenges and opportunities for improvement on the horizon.

  1. Miniaturization: As devices become smaller and more complex, there is a growing need for even smaller wave washers that can maintain their load-bearing capabilities.
  2. Material Advancements: Continued research into advanced materials may lead to wave spring washers with even higher strength-to-weight ratios and better resistance to extreme conditions.
  3. Digital Integration: The integration of wave spring washers into digital systems for real-time monitoring and adjustment could lead to even more precise control over mechanical systems.
  4. Global Standards: The establishment of global standards and guidelines for wave washer design and performance could facilitate their adoption and ensure consistency in Qualität.

In conclusion, wave washers may appear unassuming, but their unique design and versatile functionality make them indispensable in engineering and manufacturing. From automotive and aerospace to electronics and medical devices, these tiny components play a significant role in ensuring precision, reliability, and safety across diverse industries. As technology advances and demands for smaller, more efficient components continue to grow, the importance of wave spring washers is likely to remain steadfast in the world of engineering.